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Sustainable Development for Inventory System and Risk Assessment of Contaminated Land By Abandoned Metal Mining Using Geostatistical Simulation Methods in East Mediterranean Region (Adana and Mersin Province) of TURKEY


All mining operations and abandoned mine can undoubtedly cause varying degrees of environmental pollution. This project consists of two parts. One is to establish an inventory database system of abandoned metal mining which will be formed to characterise geographic, geologic, topographic information using a computer programming. Second part is to assess a pilot contaminated land by abandoned heavy metal mining using geostatistical simulation methods.

Description of Projectidea

The great antiquity and global distribution of the metal mining industry has resulted in significant areas of land being affected by spillage and disposal of waste material. In some cases the resulting concentrations of metals in the ground may be sufficiently high to require the land to become classified as contaminated, which might then according to Soil Guideline Values (SGV), be a requirement for access control or remediation action to be taken. The contamination of land around abandoned mines by heavy metals has received little attention until recent years except where agricultural productivity has been adversely affected. More recently concern with the problem has increased mainly due to the growth of scientific and public awareness of environmental issues, and partly due to the development of analytical techniques, which can measure contaminant concentrations rapidly and accurately.

The project idea is considered to study at two stages. In first stage, a mining database including mapping, geographic information, geologic, topographic and mining characteristics from abandoned metal mining of a certain region will be created using computer programming. Only licence and production information exists during working times of these mines. However, we search that there is no inventory system of abandoned metal mining in government institution of Turkey. Simply, if we do not know mining database called inventory system of abandoned metal mining, we will not know environmental effects of these mines. Consequently, inventory database system belongs to abandoned metal mining is significant for soil, ground and underground water which in turn negatively effect living life.

In second stage, a pilot area will be selected from the inventory system. The application study will be carried out using both conventional statistics and geostatistical methods which are useful for site risk assessment, characterisation and monitoring situations where data are collected specially. The case study aims to report the special distribution and uncertainty of soil element concentrations using a probabilistic approach. The approach will be based on geostatistical conditional simulations, which is used to yield a series of conditional images characterised by equally probable spatial distributions of the heavy elements concentrations across the area. Post processing of the many simulations can allow the mapping of contaminated and uncontaminated areas, and provide a model for the uncertainty in the spatial distribution of element concentrations. The simulations will be validated by statistics, histogram and variogram reproduction, and simulations errors. In conclusion, the case study may be used in the remediation studies, help decision-makers, environmental engineers, ecologists, geochemists and others involved in the abandoned heavy metal mining site in the world.

Consortium of partners, already involved

We are looking for partners who are specialise preferably on earth, mining and environmental sciences.

Partners sought to complete the consortium

Partners should help at the following topics:
1.Statistical anlysis
2. Assessment of geostatistical simulation results and/or alternatively use of other simulation methods,
3. Partly writing the project report,
4. publication papers,


Mine closure and reclamation (ERA-MIN Joint Call 2)


Professor Adem ERSOY
Adana Science and Technology University
Yeşiloba Mah., ğretmenler Bulvarı, 46278 Sokak, No:3
01180 Seyhan/Adana
Phone: Mobile: +90 533 646 8685
Organisation: Higher Education

Responsible NCP

The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK)